Open Access Charges

Instructions to Authors

The Editors welcome submissions to Journal of Computational Design and Engineering (JCDE) which adhere to the Instructions to Authors. Manuscripts that do not meet all of the requirements below will not be considered for publication and may be returned to the authors for completion.

For support and more information, please contact the JCDE’s Editorial Office at

Open Access Instructions for Authors


About the journal

Aims and scope

Journal of Computational Design and Engineering is an international journal that aims to provide academia and industry with a venue for rapid publication of research manuscripts reporting innovative computational methods and applications to achieve a major breakthrough, practical improvements, and bold new research directions within a wide range of design and engineering:

  • Theory and its progress in computational advancement for design and engineering
  • Development of a computational framework to support large scale design and engineering
  • Interaction issues among human, designed artefacts, and systems
  • Knowledge-intensive technologies for intelligent and sustainable systems
  • Emerging technology and convergence of technology fields presented with convincing design examples
  • Educational issues for academia, practitioners, and future generation
  • Proposal for new research directions as well as surveys and retrospectives on the mature field.

 Examples of relevant topics include traditional and emerging issues in design and engineering but are not limited to:

  • Field-specific issues in mechanical, aerospace, shipbuilding, industrial, architectural, civil, biomedical, and software engineering
  • Geometric modelling and processing, solid and heterogeneous modelling, computational geometry, features, and virtual prototyping
  • Computer graphics, image processing, virtual and augmented reality, and scientific visualisation
  • Human modelling and engineering, user interaction and experience, human-computer interaction (HCI), human-machine interface (HMI), human-vehicle interaction (HVI), cognitive engineering, and human factors and ergonomics with computers
  • Knowledge-based engineering, intelligent CAD, AI and machine learning in engineering, and ontology
  • Product data exchange and management, interoperability, data mining and analytics, and database issues
  • Design theory and methodology, sustainable design and engineering, concurrent engineering, and collaborative engineering
  • Digital and virtual manufacturing, rapid prototyping (3D/4D printing) and tooling, and CNC machining
  • Computer-aided inspection, geometric and engineering tolerancing, and reverse engineering
  • Finite element analysis, optimization, meshes and discretization, and virtual engineering
  • Bio-CAD, Nano-CAD, and medical applications
  • Aesthetic design, new media, and design education
  • Survey and benchmark reports.

Ethical policies

Authors should observe high standards with respect to publication best practice. Falsification or fabrication of data, plagiarism, including duplicate publication of the authors’ own work without proper citation, and misappropriation of work are all unacceptable practices. Any cases of ethical or publication malpractice are treated very seriously and will be managed in accordance with the Commission on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines. Further information about OUP’s ethical policies.


Manuscripts submitted to JCDE may be screened with iThenticate anti-plagiarism software in an attempt to detect and prevent plagiarism. Any manuscript may be screened, especially if there is a reason to suppose part or all of the text has been previously published. Prior to final acceptance, any manuscript that has not already been screened may be put through iThenticate. More information about iThenticate.


Any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated—including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition—should be disclosed. For further information, see the FAQ.

If there are none, please declare no conflicts of interest.

If one or a few authors have a conflict to disclose, further to that statement, there should be an additional statement for those remaining authors who do not have any conflicts of interest.

Data policies

Further information on OUP’s policy on data and privacy.

Third-party permissions

In order to reproduce any third party material, including tables, figures, or images, in a manuscript, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder and be compliant with any requirements the copyright holder may have pertaining to this reuse. When seeking to reproduce any kind of third party material authors should request the following:

  • non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified manuscript and journal;
  • the right to use the material for the life of the work; and
  • world-wide English-language rights.

It is particularly important to clear permission for use in online versions of the journal, and we are not able to accept permissions which carry a time limit because we retain journal manuscripts as part of our online journal archive. Further guidelines on clearing permissions.

Self-archiving policy

Upon publication of an article, the author must replace any previously posted electronic versions of the article with either (1) the full citation to the JCDE paper with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), or (2) the OUP-published version. Further information on the journal’s self-archiving policy.

Permissions regarding re-use of OUP material

Guidelines on permissions for the re-use of OUP material.

Funder policies

Information about compliance with funder requirements, including PubMed/PMC deposits.



JCDE considers all manuscripts on the condition that:

  • the manuscript is your own original work and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including your own work.
  • the manuscript has been submitted only to JCDE. It should not be under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or published elsewhere.
  • the manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, libellous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal.

All manuscripts are submitted and reviewed via the journal’s web-based manuscript submission system, ScholarOne. New authors should create an account prior to submitting a manuscript for consideration. Questions about submitting to the journal should be sent to

When submitting a manuscript, you should upload both a PDF file for the initial submission or editable source files (in either doc/docx or TeX/LaTeX format) for the revision. Please note that any figures should be included in the manuscript, as well as being supplied separately in eps, tiff or jpg format for production. Further instructions can be found at the submission point.

More information about using ScholarOne.



If you are using LaTeX to write your paper, please use the ‘JCDE LaTeX template’. For more details,  please see this page:


Article type guide


Editorials are invited manuscripts or comments concerning a specific manuscript in the journal or a topical issue in the field. Although editorials are normally invited or written by the Editors, unsolicited editorials may be submitted. Typical length: 1,500-2,000 words, 10-20 references.

Review articles

These should aim to provide the reader with a balanced overview of an important and topical subject related to the aim and scope of this journal, and highlight unresolved questions and future directions. Anyone can submit a review article if this is the case. Most reviews are solicited by the Editors, but unsolicited submissions may also be considered for publication. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, brief main headings, and References. Typical length: 4,000-6,000 words, 40-80 references.

Research articles

These may report significant developments, describe the relevant theoretical background, present a workable algorithm and give examples taken from real applications, stressing the practicality of the approach being presented. These can also contain new analyses of techniques related to computational design and engineering in practice, presenting authoritative results in a way that is likely to stimulate and influence research. Section headings can be: Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Theory/Calculation, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments (if applicable), Appendices (if applicable), and References. The Introduction should provide a brief background to the subject of the manuscript, explain the importance of the study, and state a precise study question or purpose. The Material and Methods section should describe the research methods, and state the procedures employed in the study. The Theory/Calculation section should extend, not repeat, the background to the manuscript already dealt with in the Introduction, lay the foundation for further work, and represent a practical development from a theoretical basis. The Results section should comprise the study results presented in a logical sequence, supplemented with tables and/or figures. Take care that the text does not repeat data that are presented in the tables and/or figures. The Discussion section should be used to emphasise the new and important aspects of the study, placing the results in context with published literature and the implications of the findings. The Conclusions section should place the conclusions that follow from the study results and future works. Typical length: 6,000-8,000 words, 20-40 references.

Short communications

These include brief constructive comments concerning previously published manuscripts in the journal. They should have a title and include appropriate references and include the corresponding author’s e-mail address. They are edited, sometimes extensively, to sharpen their focus. They may be sent for peer review at the discretion of the Editors. Typical length: 300-600 words, 5 references; 1 table and/or 1 figure may be included.


Open access

Authors can use the following licences for their articles:
Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY) and Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC).

Open Access charges for Review and Research Articles: $1650
Open Access charges for Letter to the Editor: $0
Free developing country charge*: $0

*Visit our developing countries page (list of qualifying countries).

OUP has a growing number of Read and Publish agreements with institutions and consortia which provide funding for open access publishing. This means authors from participating institutions can publish open access, and the institution may pay the charge. Find out if your institution is participating.


Manuscript preparation

Manuscript format, structure, and style 

LaTeX files
Language editing pre-submission
  • Language editing, particularly if English is not your first language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your manuscript is fully understood by the Editors and reviewers
  • Please note that edited manuscripts will still need to undergo peer review by the journal
First page
  • Please include:
    • Title of manuscript
    • Author names
    • Address and email of the corresponding author
  • If there are multiple corresponding authors then nominate one for communication with the Editorial Office
  • Avoid reference citations and abbreviations
  • After this please include up to 6 keywords
  • Please list all author contributions upon submission of the manuscript
Style conventions
  • The journal follows Oxford SCIMED style
  • Please ensure that you refer to these requirements when preparing your manuscript
  • A sample manuscript
  • UK spelling should be used throughout, except in quotations and references
  • Should be numbered, with subsections numbered 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.
  • The abstract is not numbered
  • Please define non-standard abbreviations at the first occurrence
Tables & figures
  • Figures and text may be submitted in one file rather than separate files
  • Should be accompanied by a legend
  • Please number figures and tables consecutively
  • Should use a common image format (e.g., pdf, eps, gif, tiff, jpg)
  • Further information on figures.
  • This journal accepts videos to be published as part of the manuscript or as supplementary material
  • A still image of the video will appear in the PDF version
  • A submission guide
  • Must be provided as editable text, either in Word or in the LaTeX source file
  • Display equations should be numbered consecutively through the manuscript
  • May be formatted in any readable style at submission
  • Authors are responsible for their accuracy
Acknowledgments/funding details
  • These should be included at the end of the text
  • Please refer to your funding organisations to acknowledge their support
  • PubMed Central links will require a specific grant number to be referenced
Graphical Abstract
  • A single, concise, pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the manuscript
  • Will be displayed in the online manuscript, but will not appear in the manuscript PDF file
  • Should strive to make the graphical abstract informative, interesting, visually appealing, and straightforward
  • Image size: a minimum of 500 (h) x 1250 (w) pixels using a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. If you are submitting a larger image then please use the same ratio (200 high x 500 wide)
  • Font: Please use Times, Arial, Courier or Symbol font with a large enough font size as the image will be reduced in size to fit a window
  • File type: TIFF, EPS, PDF, or MS Office files
  • No additional text, outline or synopsis should be included. Do not include any text or label, unnecessary white space, or a heading ''Graphical Abstract'' within the image file
  • Mandatory for the submission
  • A graphical abstract sample
  • Three to five bullet points that help increase the discoverability of the manuscript via search engines
  • Should capture the novel results of your study as well as new methods that were used during the study (if any)
  • Each Highlight can be no more than 15 words or 100 characters including spaces
  • Mandatory for the submission
  • Highlights sample
Supplementary data
  • Should be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript
  • Should be referred to in the main manuscript at an appropriate point in the text
  • Will be available online only and will not be copyedited, so ensure that it is clearly and succinctly presented
  • The style should conform with the rest of the manuscript
  • The presentation should work on any internet browser
  • We recommend that files are no more than 2MB each, although exceptions can be made at the Editorial Office’s discretion
Referees (optional)
  • Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees
  • Note that the Editors retain the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used

A sample manuscript for the submission, including Graphical Abstract and Highlights can be found here.

Structure for research articles


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the study, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the manuscript, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. After the Abstract please include up to 6 keywords


This section states the objectives of the work and provides an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and Methods

This section provides sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarised, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.


This section should extend, not repeat, the background to the manuscript already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.


This section should comprise the study results presented in a logical sequence, supplemented with tables and/or figures. Take care that the text does not repeat data that are presented in the tables and/or figures.


This section should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Acknowledgments (if applicable)

Please refer to your funding organisations to acknowledge their support

Appendices (if applicable)

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in Appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly, for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


This section may be formatted in any readable style at submission. However, we welcome you to follow the guide.

Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), Seventh Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-3215-4, copies of which may be ordered online. References in the Abstract should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either ‘Unpublished results’ or ‘Personal communication’. Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

A list of references

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References in a Special Issue

Please ensure that the words ‘this issue’ are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other manuscripts in the same Special Issue.

Examples for reference style

Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific manuscript. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59.

Reference to a journal publication with a manuscript number (DOI: Digital Object Identifier):
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2018). The art of writing a scientific manuscript. Heliyon, 19, Article e00205.

Reference to a book:
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Reference to a website:
Cancer Research UK. (2003, March 13). Cancer statistics reports for the UK.

Reference to a dataset:
Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., & Nakashizuka, T. (2015). Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions (v1) [Data set]. Mendeley Data.

Reference to conference proceedings:
Son, S., Fitriani, H., Kim, J. T., Go, S., & Kim, S. (2017). Mathematical algorithms of patterns for free-form panels. Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering, 1-8. Barcelona, Spain.

Reference to reports:
Stuster, J., Adolf, J., Byrne, V., & Greene, M. (2018). Human exploration of Mars: Preliminary lists of crew tasks (Report No. NASA/CR-2018-220043). National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Reference to dissertations and theses:
Miranda, C. (2019). Exploring the lived experiences of foster youth who obtained graduate level degrees: Self-efficacy, resilience, and the impact on identity development (Publication No. 27542827) [Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University]. PQDT Open.

You can find more information about the examples here.


Peer review

This journal operates a single-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the Editors for suitability for the journal. Manuscripts deemed suitable are then typically sent to at least three independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the manuscript. The Editors are responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of manuscripts. The Editors’ decision is final.


Production process

For JCDE, manuscripts arrive at OUP and go through the production process until final versions are ready to publish. These are then published on the journal’s Advance Articles page. They will remain on the page up until the issue that they are assigned to is published. Authors will receive a link to the PDF proof of their manuscript on our online system by email, and it is essential that a current email address is supplied with all manuscripts. Proofing instructions will accompany the PDF file, but the proof should be checked immediately upon receipt and uploaded in accordance with covering instructions. Only essential corrections should be made at the proof stage.